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Achilles Tendinopathy

What is it? The Achilles tendon is a large tendon at the back of the ankle which attaches two major muscles (Gastrocnemius and Soleus) to the heel bone. This allows you to push off during walking and running.

The most common injuries of the Achilles tendon are Insertional Achilles, Achilles Pertendinitis, Achilles Bursitis and tearing/rupturing of the tendon. In some instances another muscle (Plantaris) which attaches at the same point may be the cause.

Some of the factors which can increase your risk of injury are:

  • A sudden increase in the intensity, frequency and duration of activity.

  • A decrease in recovery time between activity.

  • Wearing inadequate or incorrect footwear for the activity.

  • Biomechanical abnormalities which place strain on the tendon.

  • Running on hard or uneven surfaces.

  • Change of surface (seasonal).

  • Poor muscle flexibility (e.g. tight calf muscles, weak calf muscles).

  • Decreased joint range of motion (e.g. stiff ankle joint).


Signs and Symptoms:

  • Mild to severe pain and tenderness in the Achilles tendon area (tenderness may be more noticeable in the morning).

  • Swelling.

  • Stiffness that may diminish as the tendon warms up with use.

  • Decreased strength and movement; a feeling of sluggishness in the leg. 



Make an appointment with our podiatrist today to start your recovery. This may involve footwear advice, muscle rehabilitation, myofascial release and/or orthotic therapy.

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